Pre-K through 1st Grade
The sound structures of language. Example: rhyming, syllables within words, onset-rime awareness, etc.
Pre-K through 2nd Grade
The relationship between sounds and letters, or groups of letters, in an alphabetic writing system.
Vocabulary is the key to understanding as it helps readers transition from learning to read into reading to learn!
Kindergarten through 2nd Grade
Fluency refers to the ability to read text correctly and automatically.
Comprehension is the understanding and interpretation of what is read.